The fifteenth meeting of the ISPC was held from 04-05 April 2017 in Rome, Italy.
This workshop report is a summary record from the second workshop convened by the ISPC/CSIRO Agri-food systems innovation and partnership initiative, and held from 27 to 29 June at ICRISAT in Hyderabad, India. The report attempts to capture, in brief, the deliberations of the participants, including key outcomes and follow-up actions to further the initiative’s campaign and ongoing dialogue on the reframing of the common narrative on agri-food System Innovation.
The ISPC is facilitating System-wide agreement on the nature and assessment of Quality of Research for Development (QoR4D). A small working group (WG) on QoR4D with representation from Centers, CRPs and the IEA was established late last year. This WG organized a workshop at FAO on 06-07 February 2017 with representation from across CGIAR System constituencies - key findings from those discussions are elaborated in this brief.
The fifteenth meeting of the ISPC was held from 04-05 April 2017 in Rome, Italy.
The ISPC Secretariat has an ongoing collaboration with the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) to explore the nature of agri-food system innovation, the role of research within this system, and the way different types of innovation processes lead to impact. This brief summarizes the outcomes of a December 2016 workshop in Canberra, Australia to identify limitations and missed impact opportunities of current agri-food innovation systems arrangements; to consider the nature of frameworks and tools needed to advance innovation and impact; and to develop a road map on how these could be co-developed to best meet the needs of different AR4D stakeholder groups.
Following SF 2016, the ISPC conducted an evaluation of the Forum to assist in planning and modeling future events more successfully. An online participant survey was carried out and citation analyses were done for the papers published in the special issues after the previous three SFs.
Over the past several years, one of the major areas of work for SPIA has been an effort to advance the evidence base and for impact assessments in previously under-evaluated areas of CGIAR research. SPIA’s goal has been to expand impact assessment beyond the narrow domain of crop germplasm improvement where most ex post impact assessments (epIAs) have traditionally concentrated. Accordingly, SPIA has sought to assess the evidence for impact in key areas of CGIAR research effort: irrigation and water management, livestock management, policy-oriented research, natural resource management, agro-forestry, and in-situ conservation of biodiversity. This Brief is based on Jutzi and Rich (2016) review of the impact assessment work on livestock and livestock-related research in the CGIAR.
This ISPC commented study examines two distinct partnership domains: Multi-stakeholder partnerships (MSPs) in Agricultural Research for Development and Global MSPs approaches. It develops a framework of Partnership and Innovation Modes to assist the CGIAR in embedding its work within the wider architecture of partnership, platforms, and networks that will be required to tackle global scale challenges.
The ISPC is seeking a qualified candidate to serve as Chair of its Standing Panel on Impact Assessment (SPIA). SPIA has a mandate to provide CGIAR members with timely, objective and credible information on the impacts at CGIAR System level of past donor investments, to provide support to and complement the CGIAR Centers in their ex post impact assessment activities, and to support the overall impact orientation of CGIAR research.
ISPC Commentary on the Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals (GLDC) CRP-II revised proposal (2017-2022) submitted 31 July 2016
ISPC Assessment of the Maize Agri-Food System (MAIZE) CRP-II revised proposal (2017-2022)
ISPC Assessment of the Roots, Tubers and Bananas (RTB) CRP-II revised proposal (2017-2022)
ISPC Assessment of the Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH) CRP-II revised proposal (2017-2022)
ISPC Assessment of the Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS) CRP-II revised proposal (2017-2022)
ISPC Assessment of the Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM) CRP-II revised proposal (2017-2022)
ISPC Assessment of Revised CRP-II Full proposals, 14 September 2016
Covering memo from the ISPC Chair - ISPC review of revised CRP proposals, September 2016
ISPC Assessment of the Platform on Big Data revised proposal (2017-2022)
ISPC Assessment of the Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA) CRP-II revised proposal (2017-2022)
Kyle Emerick (Tufts), Alain de Janvry (UC Berkeley), Elisabeth Sadoulet (UC Berkeley), and Manzoor Dar (IRRI) initiated a pilot evaluation of BD56 starting in the 2015 wet season. BD56 is a recently released rice variety of IRRI that offers both early maturity and drought tolerance. This Brief presents results from the pilot evaluation funded by SPIA. The researchers are currently running a larger experiment in 256 villages in the Rajshahi division of Bangladesh, also funded by SPIA.
The thirteenth meeting of the ISPC was held from the 25-27 May 2016 at CIP Headquarters, Lima, Peru.
The aim of this policy is to ensure that any potential Conflicts of Interest are made open and transparent, and that processes are managed to take declared interests into account. No policy can account for every eventuality; it is the responsibility of all individuals working with the ISPC to declare any unforeseen associations which could be perceived as a conflict.
This brief is based on a study commissioned by the ISPC in 2015 which highlights the potential risks and opportunities of agricultural corridors and spatial development initiatives and their impact on CGIAR research.
See also the related study:
This document contains the finalized study on “Agricultural Growth Corridors: mapping potential research gaps on impact, implementation and institutions” together with the ISPC commentary. The study aims to inform policy-makers and researchers about how development corridors might bring about changes in patterns of agriculture and consequently influence research needs.
See also the related brief:
An ISPC workshop on “Corridors, Clusters, and Spatial Development Initiatives in African Agriculture” was held on 30 November 2015 as a side event of the Global Forum for Innovations in Agriculture in Africa in close collaboration with NEPAD-CAADP and the European Centre for Development Policy Management. The workshop report also contains the list of participants.
This brief note describes the initial steps taken by the ISPC between June and September 2015 towards developing a framework for qualitatively assessing relative priorities across the 45 unique sub-IDOs. It describes the results of two parallel efforts undertaken aimed at eliciting priorities from two distinct groups of CGIAR stakeholders.
The ISPC reviewed 13 CRP pre-proposals and nine EoIs for four Cross-Cutting Platforms between 17 August and 28 September, (also drawing on reviews by external experts and referring to reviews of Phase 1 and Extension proposals). This document provides the ISPC assessment at the portfolio level.
ISPC Commentary on the Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA) Phase II Preproposal (2017-2022)
ISPC Commentary on the Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM) Phase II Preproposal (2017-2022)
ISPC Commentary on the Agriculture for Nutrition & Health (A4NH) Phase II Preproposal (2017-2022)
ISPC Commentary on the Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) Phase II Preproposal (2017-2022)
ISPC commentary on the Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE) Phase II Preproposal (2017-2022)
ISPC Commentary on the Rice Agri-Food System (RAFS) Phase II Preproposal (2017-2022)
ISPC Commentary on the MAIZE Phase II Preproposal (2017-2022)
ISPC Commentary on the WHEAT Phase II Preproposal (2017-2022)
ISPC Commentary on the Fish Agri-food systems Phase II Preproposal (2017-2022)
ISPC commentary on the Roots, Tubers and Bananas (RTB) Phase II Preproposal (2017-2022)
ISPC Commentary on the Dryland Cereals and Legumes Agri-food Systems (DCLAS) Phase II Preproposal (2017-2022)
ISPC Commentary on the Livestock Agri-food systems Phase II Preproposal (2017-2022)
ISPC Commentary on the Preproposal for the Genebank programme
ISPC Commentary on the Expressions of Interest (EOIs) for the CGIAR Coordinating Platform on Big Data and ICT
ISPC Commentary on the Expressions of Interest (EOIs) for the CGIAR Coordinating Platform on Capacity Development
ISPC Commentary on the Expression of Interest for the CGIAR Coordinating Platform on System-wide Genetic Resources Policy (SGRP)
The ISPC will follow the criteria listed in the Guidance document and analyze the proposed evolution of each CRP compared to the first set of proposals both in terms of its individual merit and its contribution to the SRF and the overall system portfolio.
A significant proportion of CGIAR research investment has been spent on policy and natural resource management (NRM). However, compared with other areas of research e.g., crop germplasm improvement (CGI), there appear to be relatively few impact assessments (IAs) in this domain. To fill this gap, one of the activities of the Standing Panel on Impact Assessment (SPIA)-coordinated Strengthening Impact Assessment in the CGIAR (SIAC) program targets assessments of these presumably ‘under-evaluated areas’ of CGIAR research, including irrigation and water management, agroforestry and policy and social sciences. This brief summarizes the findings and recommendations of a critical review of IAs of CGIAR irrigation and water management research (full report).
This report synthesizes the findings and recommendations of a critical review of impact assessemnts (IAs) of CGIAR irrigation and water management research. Critical reviews such as this one are intended to be the first step in encouraging new IAs of the under-evaluated topic in question, as well as provide inputs on improving the quality of IAs.
This brief highlights the insights and recommendations from a joint A4NH/ISPC workshop on nutrition held in September 2014. The two-day workshop was organized as a follow-up to the 2013 Science Forum on “Nutrition and Health Outcomes: Targets for agricultural research” and was attended by over 40 participants.
This Impact Brief is based on the study that documents the impacts of improved common bean varieties on field-level yields, costs of production, and household farm incomes among smallholders in Rwanda and Uganda. Effects are also examined so that the number of people escaping poverty due to the diffusion of improved varieties can be calculated.
This Impact Brief is based on the study that documents the impacts of improved maize varieties on household well-being and on overall rural poverty using primary data. In Ethiopia, the last four decades have seen more than 40 improved varieties of maize - including hybrids and OPVs – developed and released by EIAR in collaboration with CIMMYT.
This document contains the final report of the Panel together with the ISPC commentary. The Panel Report presents an analysis of the current activities within CGIAR concerning data, metrics, and indicators, and offers a series of recommendations to address the key issues and challenges identified.
This document contains the final report of the Study Panel together with the ISPC commentary. The report addresses issues ranging from gene discovery to the delivery of GM variety and livestock research products, bioinformatics, IP rights, and capacity issues. In addition to 10 recommendations, the Panel also offers detailed suggestions for implementation.
The CGIAR Independent Science and Partnership Council (ISPC) is seeking to appoint three Council Members in July 2015: one with expertise in Crop science, one in Social Science and one in Water research and management. A fourth Council Member will be appointed in March 2016 with expertise in plant genetic resources and their management.
This brief summarizes the findings of the analysis of CGIAR legume research outputs, adoption data on legumes in SSA and South Asia, and impacts on CGIAR SLOs as well as gender impacts. Individual ex post impact assessments as well as adoption data from the DIIVA study formed the basis for the Legumes Synthesis Report.
This brief outlines the context and the existing evidence base, together with priority research areas and key issues identified by participants at the 2013 Science Forum as those which CGIAR needs to consider in designing agricultural research that can deliver better nutrition and health outcomes.
Key results on adoption from the wide-ranging Synthesis Report titled Measuring the Effectiveness of Crop Improvement Research in Sub-Saharan Africa from the Perspectives of Varietal Output, Adoption, and Change: 20 Crops, 30 Countries, and 1,150 Cultivars in Farmers’ Fields are presented in this Impact Brief.
The DIIVA report covers 20 crops and 30 countries in SSA. The project was organized around three distinct activities: documenting key performance indicators of crop genetic improvement, collecting nationally representative survey data on varietal adoption, and assessing the impact of varietal change. This synthesis paper reports on progress in the first two areas.
The ISPC recently conducted a self-evaluation of the Science Forum series as a core mechanism for mobilizing science in terms of identifying new science needs and opportunities, and forging new partnerships. The purpose of this evaluation was to gauge the extent to which the SFs met their objectives, document their merits and shortcomings and detail the major lessons learned.
The ninth ISPC meeting was attended by 59 participants on 13th and 14th March 2014. The report annexes contain the list of participants as well as the final agenda for the meeting. A multi-stakeholder workshop was organized by the ISPC on 12th March 2014, to discuss the initial findings and recommendations of the biotechnology study.
This strategic think piece was commissioned by the ISPC in mid-2013. The aim was to provide an analysis of livestock-related research across the CRPs as a basis for providing advice to the Consortium and Fund Council on how best to enhance the CRP inter-linkages and coherence of the System’s agenda on livestock-related research issues.
To facilitate broad participation, the number of Plenary Sessions at the 2013 Science Forum was kept small and the topics focused on cross-cutting issues such as gender, evaluation and regional differences. Ten experts coordinated Breakout Groups which provided feedback to the Plenary under four headings. The contents of the sessions are summarized here.
The document provides the ISPC's comments and feedback on the June 2013 draft CGIAR Open Access and Data Management Policy.
The synthesis report identifies six conclusions, from which it derives six corresponding recommendations. For the most part, the ISPC endorses these conclusions and recommendations. Each of these is summarized in the commentary, followed by specific comments from the ISPC.
The metrics study, expected to be finalized soon, focuses on two main objectives: 1) collate and analyze existing initiatives on monitoring systems and metrics within the CGIAR in the context of initiatives external to the CGIAR; and 2) explore new conceptual frameworks, methodological approaches, tools, and technologies for cost-effectively assessing research and development outcomes.
This paper responds to a request to the ISPC from the CGIAR Fund Council and Consortium to identify the major routes through which agricultural research can address the four high-level goals, called System-Level Outcomes (SLOs), of the CGIAR and the potential linkages between research and impact pathways.
Based on the papers in the special issue and the discussion at a workshop, a consensus emerged around a number of key issues leading to the “Nebraska Declaration” on conservation agriculture (CA). The signatories to the Declaration (listed in Appendix A) represent the major academic disciplines relevant to the study of CA for small-scale resource-poor farmers in developing countries.
This study is designed to provide the CGIAR system, the CGIAR Research Programs, and Donors with an analysis and recommendations for enhancing biotechnology research, through investment and partnership strategies that can best serve system efficiency and the attainment of CGIAR goals. It focuses on genomics and bioinformatics, and GMOs, including the related policy and institutional aspects.
This report summarizes findings from an ISPC Foresight Study asking what urbanization and farm size and other major trends imply for CGIAR agricultural research priorities. The study is based on 5 background papers reviewed by 15 discussants and debated during a 2-day workshop, then revised and synthesized in this document.
The seventh ISPC meeting was attended by 79 participants from 25th to 27th March 2013. The report annexes contain the list of participants as well as the final agenda for the meeting.
This paper focuses on emerging evidence from surveys and broad trend information of the interrelated 5 transformations (urbanization; diet change; food market transformation: rural factor market transformation; agricultural technology and farm scale change). South Asia is the focus of the paper.
This progress report provides a brief background and update on SPIA activities since the SPIA 42 and ISPC 6 meetings held at ILRI campus in Addis Ababa.
ISPC Commentary on the revised proposal Integrated agricultural production systems for improved food security and livelihoods in dry areas (CRP1.1 Drylands Systems Program) (Version of 28 January 2013).
This review identifies how major trends in African urbanization and agricultural land dynamics are shaping the research priorities of the international public research system. The study’s specific purpose is to inform the research agenda and priorities of the CGIAR system.
This paper explores the implications of recent trends in urbanization and farm size for prioritizing future small farm assistance policies in Asia and Africa, including agricultural R&D.
This paper identifies issues for livestock research emerging from urbanization and changing farm size in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. It highlights the strong past and the expected, although somewhat slower, continuing demand for livestock source food in the developing world.
The study assesses the available empirical data on urbanization trends and changes in farm size in the context of South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa on the basis of spatial perspectives. For this purpose, the authors propose to answer the four research questions around which the report is structured.
The think piece on Theories of Change and Impact pathways, commissioned by the ISPC centers around theoretical articulation of the concept and components of a TOC. It provides a useful assessment of the adequacy and thoroughness by which the CRPs present the assumptions about their research leading to the planned outcomes and impact.
These think pieces deal with the interface between research and development. The two think pieces provide very useful analysis of the issues where the CRPs can share their common lessons and plan collective strategies and actions, and where some CRPs have specific strengths from which other CRPs can benefit.
The sixth ISPC meeting was attended by 36 participants from 26th to 28th September 2012. The report annexes contain the list of participants as well as the final agenda for the meeting. A field trip towards Jeldu (site of an ILRI/IWMI project) was organized on 29th September 2012.
ISPC Commentary on the revised proposal for CRP 3.6: Dryland cereals (Revision of August 2012).
ISPC Commentary on the revised proposal for CRP 3.5: Grain Legumes (revision of August 2012).
ISPC Commentary on CRP 1.2 "Humidtropics: Integrated systems for the humid tropics" (Version of 15 August 2012)
The NRM Research Stripe Review, for which the ISPC developed the Executive Summary on the basis of the Panel’s inputs, seeks to identify conceptual and operational issues that still require attention from CRP leaders, CGIAR Centers, and CGIAR leadership, in order to develop research that will meet CGIAR system level outcomes.
This paper presents a summary of the characterization and analysis of the observations and results over the five years of the Performance Measurement System when outcome cases were recorded. Lessons are drawn from the PMS experience for designing monitoring of results of the CRPs.
This brief highlights the key insights from the 2011 Science Forum to help guide future decisions within the CGIAR.
The next two decades will see continuing and dramatic changes in world food systems. This concept note is intended to point the way towards a systematic study of the ways in which some major trends and issues are likely to impact the international public research system, with specific relevance for the research portfolio of CGIAR and its partners.
This report examines processes and methods for priority setting to underpin a future revision of the SRF by the Consortium. This paper examines priority setting at both the strategic System level (SRF/SLOs) and at the operational level of CGIAR research programs.
The fifth ISPC meeting was attended by 41 participants from 26th to 29th March 2012. The report annexes contain the list of participants as well as the final agenda for the meeting.
This strategic study will examine the evidence base for conservation agriculture and associated soil-based technologies in achieving the system-level outcomes of the new CGIAR system. The concept note describes the motivation for the study, its objectives, and outlines a workplan.
ISPC Commentary on the revised proposal for CRP3.6: Dryland cereals (Revision of February 2012).
ISPC Commentary on the revised proposal for CRP 3.5: Grain Legumes (Revision of February 2012).
ISPC Commentary on the revised proposal for CRP 1.2 "Humidtropics: Integrated systems for the humid tropics" (Version of 24 January 2012).
This brief is based on the paper by Stevenson, J., et al. (2011) Agricultural technology, global land use and deforestation: a review and new estimates of the impact of crop research. In: CGIAR Independent Science and Partnership Council. 2011. Measuring the environmental impacts of agricultural research: Theory and applications to CGIAR research.
This brief is based on the paper by Jeff Bennett (2011) Advancing ex-post impact assessment of environmental impacts of CGIAR research: conceptual issues, applications and the way forward. In: CGIAR Independent Science and Partnership Council (2011). Measuring the Environmental Impacts of Agricultural Research: Theory and Applications to CGIAR Research.
This brief is based on the paper by Mitch Renkow (2011) Assessing the environmental impacts of CGIAR research: toward an analytical framework. In: CGIAR Independent Science and Partnership Council (2011). Measuring the Environmental Impacts of Agricultural Research: Theory and Applications to CGIAR Research.
The contents of the breakout sessions are summarized here including the priority research questions and what the lessons might be for the new CGIAR.
This brief is based on the paper by Byerlee, D., Maredia, M., Shankar, B., Kelley, T. and Stevenson, J. (2011). Foreword. In: CGIAR Independent Science and Partnership Council. Measuring the Environmental Impact of Agricultural Research: Theory and Applications to CGIAR Research.
The fourth ISPC meeting was attended by 26 participants from 14th to 16th September 2011. The report annexes contain the list of participants as well as the final agenda for the meeting.
ISPC Commentary on the revised proposal for CRP 2: Policies, Institutions and Markets to strengthen Food Security and Incomes for the Rural Poor (Revision of October 2011).
ISPC Commentary on the Revised Proposal for CRP 4: Agriculture for Improved Nutrition & Health (Revision of October 2011).
ISPC Commentary on the revised proposal for CRP 3.4: Roots, tubers and bananas for food security and income (Revision of September 2011).
This meta-level synthesis highlights common features, shortcomings and potential risk areas perceived in the governance and management arrangements described in the proposed CRPs with regard to the CRPs' quality of science, role and strategic engagement of partners and, in general, ability to deliver on CRP objectives.
ISPC Commentary on the revised proposal for CRP 5: Water, Land and Ecosystems.
This report examines at the challenges and opportunities for measuring environmental impacts from agricultural research; summarizes experience from four recent case-studies led by CGIAR Centers; and presents new estimates of the impact of the Green Revolution on long-run global land-cover change.
ISPC commentary on the Proposal for CRP 1.2: Humid tropics.
ISPC Commentary on the Proposal for CRP 3.5: Grain Legumes.
ISPC Commentary on the proposal for CRP 3.6: Dryland Cereals.
ISPC Commentary on the Proposal for CRP 7: Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (Version of August 2010).
ISPC Commentary on the revised proposal for CRP 3.1: "WHEAT - Global Alliance for Improving Food Security and the Livelihoods of the Resource poor in the Developing World" (Revision of August 2011).
Interim Independent Science and Partnership Council Commentary on CRP 3.3: GRiSP, Global Rice Science Partnership (Revision of September 2010).
ISPC Commentary on the revised proposal for CRP1.1 Dryland Systems: Integrated Agricultural Production Systems for the Poor and Vulnerable in Dry Areas.
The present study “Natural Resources Management: Challenges and Way Forward for the New CGIAR – a Stripe Review” is designed to provide CGIAR leadership, centers, and donors with perspectives on the factors that influence achieving impact at scale from NRM research, sharing insights and information helpful to assist in developing quality programs.
Initial comments from the interim Independent Science and Partnership Council on the proposal for CRP 3.3: GRiSP, Global Rice Science Partnership - the first fast tracked CGIAR Mega Program proposal.
In 2010, a survey was conducted among the Challenge Programs partners and stakeholders. The objective was to learn from the experiences of the ongoing multi-partner programs, particularly regarding factors that are essential for making complex partnerships work optimally for the benefit of the development objectives.
ISPC Commentary on the revised proposal for CRP 2: Policies, Institutions and Markets to strengthen Food Security and Incomes for the Rural Poor (revision of May 2011).
ISPC Commentary on the proposal for CRP 4: Agriculture for Improved Nutrition & Health.
ISPC Commentary on the proposal for CRP 3.4: Roots, Tubers and Bananas for Food Security and Income.
ISPC Commentary on proposal CRP 5: Water, Land and Ecosystems.
ISPC Commentary on the proposal for CRP 3.7: More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor (version of March 2011).
ISPC commentary on the proposal for CRP 3.1: "WHEAT - Global Alliance for Improving Food Security and the Livelihoods of the Resource-poor in the Developing World" (Proposal of March 2011).
ISPC commentary on the proposal CRP 1.3: "Harnessing the development potential of aquatic agricultural systems for the poor and vulnerable" (Proposal of March 2011).
This paper analyzes the challenges faced by the CGIAR in evaluating the impact of agricultural technologies and suggests avenues for improving the methodology used in impact analyses. The focus is on technologies such as crop varieties, whose adoption is described easily as a binary choice rather than best practice or policy.
This note responds to two independently produced but related documents: (1) “The Cost of the CGIAR Centres of Maintaining and Distributing Germplasm”, jointly commissioned by the CGIAR Consortium and the Conservation Trust, and (2) “CGIAR Consortium Board-Commissioned Genetic Resources Scoping Study”.
ISPC Commentary on Proposal CRP 1.1: Integrated Agricultural Production Systems for the Poor and Vulnerable in Dry Areas (Version of 28 February 2011).
ISPC Commentary on the CRP-3.2 Maize Proposal.
The third ISPC meeting was attended by 56 participants from 3rd to 4th March 2011. The report annexes contain the list of participants as well as the final agenda for the meeting.
ISPC Commentary on the proposal for CRP 6: Forests Trees and Agroforestry: Livelihoods, Landscapes and Governance (Version of February 2011).
ISPC Commentary on the proposal for CRP 2: Policies, Institutions and Markets to Strengthen Food Security and Incomes for the Rural Poor (Version of January 2011).
ISPC Commentary on the revised proposal for CRP 7: Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security.
This document contains the report of the second External Review of the Sub-Saharan Africa Challenge Program (SSA-CP) together with the iISPC Commentary.
This document was prepared as an input to the CGIAR e‐conference 30 June‐ 2 July 2010.
This document consists of two parts: i) A summary of the second part of the CGIAR workshop on public‐private partnership, namely SC/CAS‐IP joint Consultation on Associated Needs for Product Stewardship and Liability; and ii) CGIAR Strategic Studies on Liability and on Product Stewardship in the Context of IPR.
The one-day workshop on 27th March in Montpellier was organised by the Alliance of the CGIAR Centers, BMGF and the interim ISPC. The workshop was organised to follow up on the 2009 Stripe Study on Social Science in the CGIAR with the aim to stimulate the first high level discussion on ways to improve the state of social sciences in the CGIAR.
The paper has three components. The first section discusses the important features of evaluation science and of research for development. The second section discusses options for the Independent Evaluation Arrangements regarding independence, other key considerations and cost. The third component discusses M&E of research for development in the new CGIAR.
The impetus for the Stripe Review on Social Sciences in the CGIAR arose from repeated concerns expressed in many EPMRs that social science capacity in Centers was deteriorating. Accordingly, the SC commissioned an initial scoping paper in 2008 that presented the justification for conducting an in‐depth review. This document contains the SC commentary in addition to the final report.
In the 4 years of Performance Management System, several modifications have been made reflecting experiences and feedback from Centers. The SC has sought to develop the indicators so that they provide incentives for Centers to constantly improve their performance against defined benchmarks and thereby fulfil their accountability imperative.
This paper focuses on the essential components of M&E for enforcing accountability, and does not elaborate on the processes of the different M&E related activities such as the need to facilitate feed-back and learning for improving performance at different levels in the System.
This report was prepared for the Sixteenth Meeting of the Executive Council, held in June 2009 in Cali, Colombia.
This document sets out the requirements for independent scientific council and advice that appear to be required by the new CGIAR on the basis of the structures and functions agreed in principle at AGM08. It proceeds to propose tentative Terms of Reference for a new ISPC.
The purpose of this paper is to describe the mechanisms and processes that have been used systematically in the CGIAR for planning, monitoring and evaluation (M&E); what the SC's role has been, and what useful experiences can be drawn from the past. This paper represents the SC’s exit strategy from its role of commissioning and conducting a large part of the CGIAR’s M&E.
The meeting on ‘Defining and Refining Good Practice in Ex‐post Impact Assessment’ was jointly planned and organized by the impact assessment focal points (IAFPs) of the international centers and the Challenge Programs, and SPIA as a follow up to a similar meeting held in Nairobi in 2006. This ‘synthesis report’ endeavors to capture the essence of the discussions.
A workshop entitled Biotechnology, Biosafety and the CGIAR: Promoting best practice in Science and Policy was held at International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) headquarters in Los Baños, the Philippines, on 22‐24 April 2008. This document contains the workshop report as well as the Science Council commentary.
The report reviews the methodological approaches to the assessment of the impact of policy-oriented research (POR) against the background of experiences with 7 case studies. A synthesis is then provided that uses the key issues in the design and conduct of POR impact assessment (PORIA) studies identified earlier to distil lessons to guide future endeavors.
Building on an earlier exploratory study, SPIA undertook an initiative to augment the evidence of policy-oriented research (POR) impacts within the CGIAR system and to further the development of methodologies in this challenging area of impact assessment. 7 case studies were commissioned. This impact brief describes the major results that emerged from the overall study.
This brief is based on the paper by Walker, T., Maredia, M., Kelley, T., La Rovere, R., Templeton, D., Thiele, G., and Douthwaite, B. (2008). Strategic Guidance for Ex Post Impact Assessment of Agricultural Research. Report prepared for the Standing Panel on Impact Assessment, CGIAR Science Council.
Building on an earlier study, SPIA undertook an initiative in collaboration with 7 CGIAR centers to augment the evidence of policy-oriented research (POR) impacts within the CGIAR system, and to further the development of methodologies in the area of impact assessment. 7 case studies were commissioned. This impact brief describes the major results that emerged from the WorldFish Center.
The document reports on the technical meeting that was held to appraise current understanding of the concept of international public goods (IPGs).
Building on an earlier study, SPIA undertook an initiative in collaboration with 7 CGIAR centers to augment the evidence of policy-oriented research (POR) impacts within the CGIAR and to further the development of methodologies in the area of impact assessment. 7 studies were commissioned. This brief describes the major results that emerged from the International Rice Research Institute.
Building on an earlier study, SPIA undertook an initiative with 7 CGIAR centers to augment the evidence of policy-oriented research (POR) impacts within the CGIAR and to further the development of methodologies in the area of impact assessment. This impact brief describes the major results that emerged from the International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA).
Building on an earlier study, SPIA undertook an initiative in collaboration with 7 CGIAR centers to augment the evidence of policy-oriented research (POR) impacts within the CGIAR and to further the development of methodologies in the area of impact assessment. This impact brief describes the major results that emerged from the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI).
Building on an earlier study, SPIA undertook an initiative in collaboration with 7 CGIAR centers to augment the evidence of policy-oriented research (POR) impacts within the CGIAR system and to further the development of methodologies in the area of impact assessment. This impact brief describes the major results that emerged from the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
This volume brings together the results of three different but related studies of ethics in the CGIAR, together with commentary and recommendations from the Science Council which commissioned the studies over a four-year period.
Per the terms of reference for phase 1 of the stripe review, the panel Chair was tasked to develop, in consultation with the SC Task Force, a normative framework for a high‐quality and effective social science research agenda. This paper is the product of that effort.
The present background study offers new, wide-ranging evidence on the current state of social science research (SSR) in the CGIAR as a whole. This report is a first, purely descriptive input into the newly-launched stripe review on social science research in the CGIAR.
This study critically reviews and assesses the large body of evidence on the impacts of agricultural research by the CGIAR and its partners in South Asia. It aims to systematically examine and understand the complexities of how research has led to outputs, uptake, outcomes and impacts, and the distributional consequences of these.
This brief is based on a study reviewing the evidence on the impacts of agricultural research undertaken by the CGIAR and its national agricultural research system partners. The study focused on the post-GR era, broadly defined as the early 1980s to the present.
The purpose of this guidance document is to help improve the usefulness, the quality, and the quantity of ex post Impact Assessment (epIA) in public-sector agricultural research in developing countries. The purpose of these guidelines is not to supply a detailed step-wise ‘how to’ manual for carrying out epIAs; but rather to attempt to discuss the ‘what’ and the ‘why’.
At ExCo-14, the SC agreed to prepare suggestions for improvement of the preliminary key research opportunities identified by Working Group 1 (Table 2) of the CGIAR Change Management Process. This document includes general comments and three annexes, including suggestions to improve key research opportunities.
This report was prepared for the Fourteenth Meeting of the Executive Council, held from 13-14 May 2008 in Ottawa, Canada.
This ‘position paper’ was motivated by a request from FAO for a policy statement from the SC on the challenges related to the global community’s renewed interest in and attention to biofuels, what the likely implications of this development are for the poor and the environment, and what role the CGIAR is expected to play.
The SC commissioned an external review of the CGIAR Generation Challenge Program (GCP). For this review, the Panel reviewed a broad range of documents and consulted a total of 35 individuals. In addition, the Panel conducted two surveys, targeting a total of more than 250 individuals and receiving more than 190 responses.
The objective of this study was to identify areas of land degradation in sub‐Saharan Africa as observed from space by tracking the greenness of the vegetation signal expressed as Normalize Differenced Vegetation Index (NDVI). A series of additional databases was used, and, conclusions were drawn about the type of (agro) ecosystems under threat.
This document discusses the need for and potential of systemwide initiatives as mechanisms for implementing the CGIAR endorsed System Priorities (SPs) for Research. This paper is an element of a broader description yet to be developed of the various research instruments that may be used in the CGIAR for various purposes.
This document contains the Report of the Panel on the First External Review of HarvestPlus and the SC Commentary. The Report provides 16 recommendations: 3 on the objectives and justification of the Program, 2 on plant breeding strategies, 3 on dissemination strategies, and 8 on governance.
This document contains the Report of the Panel on the First Challenge Program on Water and Food (CPWF) External Review together with the SC Commentary.
The scoping paper suggests that it is time for a Social Science Stripe Review (SSSR) in the CGIAR System. The objective of the review is to provide inputs to a plan for improving the contribution of social science to the CGIAR System.
The Science Council, in consultation with IFPRI, co‐organized an Expert Roundtable on Food Safety Research in the CGIAR, which was held in May 2007 with the objective of identifying priority research in food safety that would advance a pro‐poor agenda. The document summarizes the outcomes of the workshop and the Science Council commentary on food safety research in the CGIAR.
The Science Council discussed the report of the Meta-Evaluation of the EPMRs at the 8th Science Council meeting. The Panel made 12 key findings that the SC in general agrees with. This commentary focuses on the function of the EPMR within the overall monitoring and evaluation context and the Panel’s key findings on the programmatic content of EPMRs.
This report was prepared for the Thirteenth Meeting of the Executive Council, held from 16-17 October 2007 in Rome, Italy.
The meta-evaluation capitalizes on the opportunity to review EPMRs conducted for 11 of the 15 CG centers within a relatively compressed time frame (2003-2006). From the analysis of the reviews, complemented by discussions with a cross-section of DGs, board chairs, panel chairs and donors, the reviewers were able to identify issues of framework, process and content.
The SC commissioned a Meta review of the SWEPS using existing review reports of individual SWEPs, Center EPMR reports, available summary reports, MTPs, the document on CGIAR Priorities and other relevant documentation available. This document contains the SC commentary on the Review Report.
The meeting on ‘Advancing Impact Assessment of International Agricultural Research’ was jointly planned and organized by the impact assessment focal points (IAFPs) of the international centers and the Challenge Programs, and SPIA. This ‘synthesis report’ endeavors to capture the essence of the discussions and, where relevant, the consensus that emerged.
This document contains the Science Council Commentary, the Participatory Research and Gender Analysis (PRGA) Program response to the external review report, and the transmittal letter and report of the Panel on the PRGA external review.
This document contains the Science Council Commentary as well as the transmittal letter and report of the Biosafety Panel to the CGIAR Science Council on Biosafety Policy and Practices of the CGIAR Centers.
This report was prepared for the Twelfth Meeting of the Executive Council, held from 16-17 May 2007 in Madrid, Spain.
The objective of this CGIAR Science Council commissioned meta-review is “to review the status of the currently existing 17 systemwide and ecoregional programs (SWEPs) as appropriate research instruments for implementing CGIAR system priorities for research.”
These guidelines provide the general principles that guide all CPERs. For each individual review, the specific Terms of Reference (TOR) will include both the generic issues listed below and a set of strategic issues identified through consultation with stakeholders, including the SC and the CGIAR Secretariat.
This document contains the Report of the External Review of the Sub-Saharan Africa Challenge Program (SSA CP) together with the SC Commentary.
In collaboration with the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the University of Wageningen, the Science Council convened a workshop to discuss the positioning of CGIAR research in the Global R4D Continuum. This volume collects together the Workshop report, together with the two background papers (on IPGs and Partners in R4D) and selected briefs provided by participants.
This Report was commissioned to consider if there are opportunities to develop more unified approaches or generic platforms to streamline genomics research in a cost-effective manner and thereby maximize impacts from investments. The Report is based on an evaluation of current best practice in public and private sector research and breeding to best assess the needs at the Centers.
This volume brings together the Science Council commentary and recommendations as well as three papers were commissioned to investigate the current status of: IP management within the Centers; means by which CGIAR scientists can identify third party IP that they might like to access; and, the humanitarian licence movement and intermediary organizations that have been formed.
In response to the recommendation of the 6th IRRI External Program and Management Review (EPMR), the SC was requested to establish an independent panel to study the situation of upland rice in Asia and IRRI’s potential contribution to solving researchable issues. In addition to the final report, this document contains the SC Commentary and IRRI’s Response to the Final Report.
This study was commissioned by the interim SC to review training within the CGIAR as it contributes to capacity strengthening in the NARS. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the quality and relevance, efficiency and effectiveness terms of intermediate impacts in strengthening of the NARS and, impacts in the CGIAR’s goals. The document also contains the SC commentary.
External Program and Management Reviews (EPMRs) are commissioned by the SC on behalf of the Group and organized jointly by the SC and the CGIAR Secretariat. They are conducted every five years for each Center. These Guidelines are to be used in implementing the EPMR as part of the new M&E process.
This document contains the Report of the First External Review of the Systemwide Program on Alternatives to Slash and Burn (ASB) together with the SC commentary. As requested in the Terms of Reference for the Review, the Panel combined an assessment of the impacts of ASB, and an evaluation of how the internal operations, management and governance of ASB contributed to those impacts.
This report was prepared for the Tenth Meeting of the Executive Council, held from 17-18 May 2006 in The Hague, Netherlands.
This report includes the papers prepared for the Science Forum and the summary of the discussions that took place at the CGIAR Annual General Meeting in Morocco in December 2005.
The SC’s Standing Panel on Mobilizing Science designed a survey consisting of two different questionnaires. The purpose of the first questionnaire was to paint a broad picture of the extent and nature of current external collaborations at the CG system level. The main purpose of the second questionnaire was to get a more profound understanding of the nature of key Center collaborations.
This Summary Report is based on the Priorities for Research described in “System Priorities for CGIAR Research 2005-2015”.
The Science Council, building on a consultative stage of the priority-setting process reviewed the total research portfolio of the CGIAR projected to 2015. Seeking to meet key needs and capitalize on new science, the intention is to focus the CGIAR research agenda on a smaller number of priority areas (5) for research.
The Science Council commissioned two studies to ascertain the requirements and potential future interventions that the CGIAR may make through research on the conservation, of livestock and fish genetic resources. This document contains the two reports, the combined summary and recommendations, and the Science Council commentary.
This report was prepared for the Ninth Meeting of the Executive Council, held from 19-20 October 2005 in Stockholm, Sweden.
The document synthesizes and interprets all the results of a survey of donors (trying to assess their impact assessment needs and uses), interviews and AGM04 luncheon meeting discussion.
The objective of the study is to identify the major pillars needed for strengthening of M&E to improve the ffectiveness and efficiency of existing evaluation processes, and integrate it with the emerging Performance Management system.
This briefing note is intended to provide the Standing Panel on Monitoring and Evaluation (SPME) with a review of the current status of the SWEPs to inform the discussion on effective monitoring and evaluation of these programmes. This paper outlines the history of the SWEPs, their current status and makes suggestions for their future.
This report contributes to efforts to meet that challenge by analysing and sharing knowledge about recent trends, current status and emerging issues related to the application of science to agricultural production.
This report examines previous means of priority setting used by the CGIAR at the System-level, and describes the current and future context for agricultural research in developing countries. The report describes a new process and the outcomes of a Science Council-led, consultative process for the establishment of potential new priority areas for research.
This document comprises: a) applications of molecular biology and genomics to genetic enhancement of crop tolerance to abiotic stress - a discussion document; b) status of breeding for tolerance of abiotic stresses and prospects for use of molecular techniques (Annex i); and c) genetic engineering for abiotic stress tolerance in plants (Annex ii).
This report comprises the First External Review of the Systemwide Programme on Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi), together with the iSC Commentary external review.
This progress report (SDR/iSC:IAR/02/27) of the iSC to AGM 2002 records the action taken by TAC/iSC and developments since AGM 2001 in further facilitating the regional approach to research in the CGIAR.
This document provides the interim Science Council (iSC) perspectives on the lessons learned in the implementation of Systemwide Programmes.
In view of the CGIAR's identification of food safety as an area requiring priority attention to safeguard the economic interests of smallholder farmers and the poor, this document aims to provide a general overview of the level of research and development attention accorded by the scientific and development community to this theme.
This background paper lays out the context, including the priorities set out in the 2000 Vision and Strategy paper; second, these elements are translated into a set of propositions on operational strategy; third, the propositions are linked to considerations of implications for the System related to the various component NRM elements involved and dealt with by the CGIAR.
This paper briefly describes trends in poverty and inequality at the global and regional (LAC) levels and explores some possible reasons for the slow rates of reduction in poverty around the world. It then characterizes poverty and its chief determinants in Meso-America. Finally, it draws out the major implications of the analysis of poverty for agricultural research.
This document is about Plank 4 of the new CGIAR vision and strategy that calls for the adoption, in collaboration with national and regional partners, of a regional approach to research planning, priority setting and implementation. The paper highlights the advantages as well as risks and limitations of a regional approach to research.
This document is TAC’s final draft on the future vision and strategy of the CGIAR. In this document, TAC proposes that the CGIAR adopt as its strategic framework a new vision, goal and mission. The Committee also proposes a new two-pronged approach for moving the CGIAR toward this vision and goal based on the integration of seven planks into a cohesive operational strategy.
This document contains the report of the First Review of the Systemwide Programme on Integrated Pest Management (SP-IPM), together with the iSC Commentary on the First Review.